Perhaps, the Caliphal Baths in Cordoba are not one of the most popular monuments. But believe us, you can’t miss this place.
Ablution or body cleansing was an essential part of Muslim life. We could even say that it was a social ritual. During this rite, men chatted and discussed political, economic and religion issues.
These baths, the most important in Cordoba, were part of the ancient Muslim Alcazar (official residence of the Caliph) which unfortunately was destroyed at the end of the Caliphate (1031).
Despite being a place designed for relaxation, the Caliphal Baths witnessed a violent event that changed the history of Cordoba. In the year 1018, the Caliph of Cordoba, Ali Ibn Hammud, was assassinated by three of his slaves while taking a bath in these rooms. During the visit you will be able to admire the room where this tragic event took place.
This type of baths had a very particular design: cold water room, warm water room and hot water room. All of them articulated through a complicated system of pipes and boilers. Without a doubt, a enormously advanced system for that time.
According to experts, the contrast of temperatures between one room and another was beneficial for the circulatory system.
During the visit, you will discover the different rooms of the complex and learn how they worked. Today it may seem like a simple thing to an engineer, but at that time it was something really sophisticated. This knowledge reflects the high degree of refinement that the Muslims reached in Cordoba.
Each room has explanatory panels, which makes the visit even more interesting.
If you are interested in knowing more about the history of the Caliphate, within the Baths you can watch an interesting documentary about the history of the Muslim Cordoba.
Many people confuse the Caliphal Baths (historic site) with the two Arab Baths (Hammam Al Andalus and Baños Arabes de Cordoba) located in the historic center of Cordoba.
Arab Baths are modern spas that recreate the aesthetics of the Middle Ages, and where you can take a bath or a massage, and feel like a Caliph for a day.